A look back at some of the movies that stood out in 2016
I still don't understand your understanding of the timeline. Here's my understanding of it
late 80s - US funds & gives weapons to mujahadeeen (mostly Northern alliance) and US gives money to Pakistan ISI - and ISI plus Saudi govt and non-govt sources give money and arms to other mujahadeen. In this mix is Bin Laden, using his own finances as well as the other money sloshing around to support himself and some other Arab nation fighters in the anti-Soviet Afghan war. Then Soviets pull out, and Bin Laden as well as nearly every other foreign fighter goes home. This band of fighters Bin Laden labels 'the base'.
early 90s - the pro-Soviet Afghan government hangs on for a few years, until finally collapsing, softly, in 1992.
Meanwhile Iraq invades Kuwait, and US forces enter Saudi Arabia on the request of Saudi Arabia. This pisses of Bin Laden, Bin Laden makes his objection known, and that pisses off the Saudi royal family. Bin Laden is kicked out of Saudi Arabia and moves to Sudan. Bin Laden fully gets into his head that the West (America et al) is evil, the Saudi Arabia royal family is evil, (Israel is also evil), and what is called for is a new caliphate that unites and restores the lost glory of the Islamic world and pushes the West out of the area (and eventually, takes over the West). He starts sponsoring terrorist attacks towards these ends.
Mid 90s - The post-Soviet Afghan govt is a joke. The world at large isn't even paying attention. The fall of the Soviet Union means the CIA isn't playing reindeer games anymore in the area or anywhere else for that matter.
A group of former mujadeen fighters living in Kandahar finally get sick and tired of a local warlord lording and waring, (and going Harvey Weinstein on the local young teenage girls), get together, get some guns and one tank, assualt the warlords compound and hang the warlord from the turret of the tank. This group calls itself the Taliban, and starts to attract followers and the attention of the Pakistan ISI. The Taliban is austere and rough, even by the standards of the area, but they are more or less fair when it comes to justice, especially in the numerous disputes between landlords and tenant farmers. This gives them the support of the population in the Pastun belt.
Bin Laden gets kicked out of Sudan, but finds refuge in Afghanistan, and hooks up with the Taliban through friends of friends. Bin Laden helps the Taliban attack some of the Taliban's enemies, in the Taliban's push to take over the whole country.
With the help of the ISI (and de minimus help from Bin Laden), and their overal political momentum, they finally take over Kabul and become the de facto government of Afghanistan. (the first they do is take the old Soviet era president from house arrest and hang him from a lampost). Their government is only recognized by Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and UAE. Bin Laden names Mullah Omar the Numero Uno Enchilida Caliph. The Taliban government doesn't exert control over most of the northern areas, especially those that are home of the non-Pastun ethnic groups.
late 90s - Bin Laden is indicted in US federal court, Bin Laden orchestrates the bombing of two US embassies in Africa in response, the US bombs Afghanistan and Sudan in response to that. (meanwhile, Monica Lewinsky coverage is saturating the news). Mullah Omar is super duper pissed at Bin Laden, but they make a deal that Bin Laden can hang out for a few more years until he finds new digs.
early 00s - just about when that clock is due to expire, Bin Laden takes out one of Mullah Omar's enemies, Ahmad Shah Massoud, and two days later, conducts the attack on the United States that Bin Laden's wanted to do for over a decade.
Immediately after September 11th is when the Pakistan government got back in the good graces of the US goverment (a specific and very public decision by Musharraf).
The Taliban government falls very quickly, but between the American government checking out Iraq like some woman in a red dress, and Pakistan playing both sides (as well as some other rich Gulf State patrons), the Taliban and Bin Laden (seperately) hang out in Pakistan for the next decade.